This year, Sita Ashtami will be Celebrated on Sunday, 16 February 2020. Janaki Jayanti is observed annually on Krishna Paksha Ashtami in the month of Phalguna as per North Indian lunar calendar. However in Amanta lunar calendar, followed in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Southern Indian states, Janaki Jayanti is observed during Magha lunar month. However in both calendars Janaki Jayanti is observed on the same day.
Sita Ashtami, or Janaki Janma, is believed to be the day when Mata Sita appeared on earth as per traditional calendar and Panchangs followed in North India. Sita Ashtami is observed on the eighth day of the Krishna Paksha (waning phase of moon) of Phalguna month (February – March).
Mata Sita is an embodiment of purity and wifely devotion and the consort of Sri Ram in Ramayan. Mata Sita was adopted by King Janaka; after he found her while ploughing his field. Sita is believed to be an incarnation o Goddess Lakshmi and is worshipped in temples dedicated to Lord Ram.
So powerful was Sita’s chastity that even though she was carried away by Ravana and kept imprisoned, Ravana could never reach near her as she kept meditating on Lord Ram; and the energy she created out of meditation was powerful enough to burn to death anyone who approached her without her permission.
When she was rescued, Mata Sita asserted her purity by undergoing ordeal by fire. But eventually Lord Ram had to banish her from Ayodhya as his subjects questioned Her purity. She spend the rest of her life in the forest and gave birth to Kusha and Lava. Finally, she called upon her Mother Earth, to swallow her up. She returned in the same way, She was born. For centuries the life of Mata Sita has been an inspiration for millions of women.
It must be noted here that the birthday or Jayanti of Mata Sita is known as Sita Navami with Hindu communities in the western and eastern parts of India and is observed in Vaishaka month (April – May).
Janaki Jayanti Rituals
The devotees observing this auspicious day should get up and take bath during the Brahma Muhurta only. Install the idol in which Lord Ram, Goddess Sita, Lakshman and Hanuman are shown together (such an idol is known as Ram Darbar), on a red-coloured cloth. Offer yellow flowers and all the sixteen items of shringar to the Goddess. (you can get these prepared in the market).
Following this, also chant the below-given mantras 108 times each.
1. Om Shri Sitayai Namah
2. Om Shri Sita Ramay Namah
Many people also observe a fast on this day. While many people observe it as a fasting day also, it is believed that when married women observe this fast, they get relief from all the problems of life.
Ashtami Tithi Begins - 04:29 PM on Feb 15, 2020
Ashtami Tithi Ends - 03:13 PM on Feb 16, 2020
Famous Temples of Janaki :
* Janaki Mandir in Janakpur, Nepal.
* Sita Mai Temple in Sitamai village in the Karnal district of Haryana, India.
* Sita Kund, Punaura Dham in Sitamarhi District in Bihar, India.
* Seetha Devi Temple in Pulpally in the Waynad district, Kerala, India.
* Seetha Amman Kovil in Nähe Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka.